The skilled therapists at SPEECH PATHways are trained or certified in the following treatments or methods. Many of the methods are useful for a variety of disorders and may be used in combination.
Oral Motor Analysis & Remediation
PROMPT© Technique (Prompts for Restructuring Oral Motor Targets)
PROMPT© is a dynamic tactile method of treatment for motor speech disorders that is based on touch pressure, kinesthetic and proprioceptive cues. It helps to reshape individual and connected articulatory phonemes and sequences (coarticulation). The clinician helps to manually guide articulators to produce specific sounds or words that seem to be problematic. In this approach, the clinician uses his/her hands to cue and stimulate articulatory movement while helping the child to limit unnecessary movements.
Kaufman Method for Childhood Apraxia
The Kaufman Speech Praxis Treatment Technique helps teach children with apraxia of speech the easiest way of saying words until they have increased motor-speech coordination. The Kaufman Technique allows children to attempt difficult words using word approximations, and refining and reinforcing these attempts toward whole target words and phrases. This systematic approach has been an extremely beneficial, logical, and efficient way to tackle developmental apraxia of speech. SPEECH PATHways has several therapists trained in the Kaufman Method.
Talk Tools are comprehensive muscle-based programs to address phonation, resonation, articulation and feeding skills through the use of horns, bubbles, straws and other oral-motor products. This program (these products) are effective program in the remediation of articulation disorders; persistent /s/, /r/, and /l/ disorders in children and adults, articulation disorders secondary to low tone/muscle weakness; articulation disorders secondary to high tone; dysarthria; apraxia; and tongue thrust.
Beckman Oral Motor Program
These specific assessment and interventions provide assisted movement to activate muscle contraction and provide movement against resistance to build strength. The focus of these interventions is to increase functional response to pressure and movement, range, strength, variety and control of movement for the lips, cheeks, jaw and tongue. Because the components of movement are functional, not age specific, the protocol is useful with a wide range of ages (birth to geriatric) and diagnostic categories.
Neurodevelopmental Treatment (NDT)
NDT is an advanced therapeutic approach practiced by experienced Occupational Therapists, Physical Therapists, and Speech - Language Pathologists working with people who have central nervous system insults that create difficulties in controlling movement. Therapists using NDT treatment have completed advanced training in NDT and work closely with individuals with neurological challenges (e.g. cerebral palsy, stroke, head injury), helping them to become as independent as possible. Individuals who have minimal to severe motor difficulties can benefit from the NDT approach.
Rhythmic Entrainment Intervention (REI)
REI is a MusicMedicine therapy program using auditory rhythmic stimulation (usually in the form of percussion rhythms) to stimulate the central nervous system and improve brain function. The REI program consists of two custom-made audio CDs designed to address the specific behavioral and cognitive symptoms of people with a variety of neurological disorders including people with AD/HD, autism, learning disabilities, and others. This program is designed to faciliate long-term cognitive and behavioral improvement in the listener.
Testimonials | Video |
The Listening Program (TLP)
The Listening Program’s psychoacoustically modified music and patent-pending production techniques are designed to stimulate, or “exercise” the different functions of the auditory processing system. This enables the brain to better receive, process, store and utilize the valuable information provided through the varied soundscapes in our lives such as music, language and our environment. TLP is designed to address various zones, systematically
providing auditory stimulation that, when customized
for listeners by TLP Providers, can help improve their
long-term ability to function in various ways, improving motor skills, organizational skills and memory, vocal abilities, creativity and even energy in the listener.
Because every listener is unique, TLP is customized for each person, yet it remains remarkably affordable. TLP relies on qualified, trained providers to administer the TLP method, such as those on staff with SPEECH PATHways.
More about TLP...
Try the Listening Screening Tool...
Lee Silverman Voice Treatment Program (LSVT)
LSVT® is a proven effective speech treatment program that restores oral communication in individuals with Parkinson disease (PD) beyond what current pharmacological and surgical interventions can offer. LSVT® has been scientifically studied over 15 years with 5 million dollars in NIH funding and is considered the first speech treatment with Level I evidence for individuals with PD. Observations by patients, family members and professionals confirm that patients are more effective and emotionally engaged communicators after LSVT.
The LSVT Program requires 1 month of intensive therapy (4 times per week for 4 weeks) and then continued homework (5-10 minutes) on a daily basis to keep the voice alive. The approach centers on a very specific therapeutic target: increased vocal loudness. This key target acts as a "trigger" to increase effort and coordination across the speech production system. Recently, LSVT has been successfully applied to individuals with multiple sclerosis, stroke, ataxic dysarthria, aging voice, vocal fold paralysis and children with cerebral palsy and Down syndrome.
SPEECH PATHways is eager to apply the principals of LSVT to treating children with a variety of sensory-motor planning deficits, including Cerebral Palsy, Down Syndrome and Apraxia. In addition, SPEECH PATHways is expanding our comprehensive speech and language program to serve adults diagnosed with Parkinson Disease, offering two trained and certified LSVT therapists on staff.
The Alert Program is an innovative program that supports children, teachers, parents, and therapists to choose appropriate strategies to change or maintain states of alertness. Students learn what they can do before a spelling test or homework time to attain an optimal state of alertness for their tasks. Teachers learn what they can do after lunch, when their adult nervous systems are in a low alert state and their students are in a high alert state. Parents learn what they can do to help their child's nervous system change from a high alert state to a more appropriate low state at bedtime. The Alert Program is offered by several of our speech-language pathologists and our Sensory Integation Certified Occupational Therapist. Individual and group programs offered.
Affect-Based Language Curriculum® (ABLC)
ABLC integrates the principles of the Developmental, Individual-Difference, Relationship-Based/Floortime approach developed by Dr. Stanley Greenspan with structured activities directed at speech, language and social interaction. ABLC provides a comprehensive framework for understanding and treating children challenged by autism spectrum and related disorders. It focuses on helping children master the building blocks of relating, communicating and thinking, rather than on symptoms alone.
Hanen is a family-focused program for parents of children who are delayed in their language development; it is recommended for parents with children with a range of communication abilities. Hanen is suitable for parents of children who are not yet communicating or are communicating non-verbally — with gestures and sounds, for example — and extends to those who are beginning to use single words and/or two and three word combinations.
Auditory-Verbal Therapy is a specialized type of therapy designed to teach a child to use the hearing provided by a hearing aid or a cochlear implant for understanding speech and learning to talk. The child is taught to develop hearing as an active sense so that listening becomes automatic and the child seeks out sounds in life. Hearing and active listening become an integral part of communication, recreation, socialization, education and work. AVT is a relatively new therapy, and SPEECH PATHways is proud to have on staff its own AVT-certified therapist — one of only 300 in the world!
Successful brain function requires efficient connections across the neural pathways of the brain. Brain Gym activities can improve your child's ability to focus, process, and succeed at home and school. Benefits include improvements in learning, vision, expression, memory, and movement abilities, in young people as well as adults. Staff member Debi Betances is an enthusiastic and encouraging instructor of Brain Gym, yoga, and drama.
Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS)
PECS is a unique augmentative/alternative training package that teaches children and adults with autism and other communication deficits to initiate communication. First used at the Delaware Autistic Program, PECS has received worldwide recognition for focusing on the initiation component of communication. PECS does not require complex or expensive materials. It was created with educators, resident care providers and families in mind, and so it is readily used in a variety of settings.
A cutting-edge neurological assessment and treatment tool, Interactive Metronome has long been known to redefine traditional expectations for children with Sensory Integration Disorder, Autism Spectrum Disorders, Cerebral Palsy, non-verbal Learning Disorder, and ADD/ADHD. Through continued development, IM has been shown to enhance traditional therapy approaches and achieving measurably improved outcomes for a wide range of patients, improving attention and concentration, motor planning and sequencing, language processing, behavior (aggression and impulsivity), balance and gait, endurance, strength, motor skills, and coordination.
Sign With Your Baby®
This program helps establish two-way communication between hearing parents and their hearing children through the use of American Sign Language signs.
Infant massage helps to promote the parent-infant bonding process into loving and positive relationships. Infant massage further helps improve immune systems, stimulate relaxation, promotes better sleeping patterns, decrease stress responses during painful health procedures like immunizations. Infant massage can also help to reduce colic, congestion and teething.
Pre-Feeding and G-Tube Transition to Oral Feeding
These are comprehensive oral-motor, behavioral and sensory-motor-based programs for the transition from non-oral (ex: G-tube) feeding to oral feeding. Treatment is offered in individual and peer-group settings. SPEECH PATHways offers treatment in this area as well as for dysphagia (swallowing disorder).
More about transition to Oral Feeding...
More about Dysphagia...
Fast ForWord® is a computer-based training system that helps people of all ages and learning abilities improve language, reading and learning skills.
Fast ForWord, designed by neuroscientists at the University of California, San Francisco, and Rutgers University, takes a "neuroscience approach to reading intervention." The program builds Learning M.A.P.S. or memory, attention, processing and sequencing, which are the underlying skills needed for the cognitive process of reading and learning.
Students can successfully learn content when they can read and comprehend. The goal of Lindamood-Bell Programs is to develop these abilities to a point that students become independent and self-correcting. The programs are internationally recognized as one of the most effective methods for developing literacy skills and addressing a wide range of learning needs.
This method effectively and efficiently teaches reading and spelling to new and remedial readers. Unlike the illogical rules of old-fashioned phonics instruction, Phono-Graphix is based on extensive research in phonological processing and linguistics.
Lidcombe Program for Fluency
The Lidcombe Program for Early Stuttering Intervention was designed in the mid-1980s by Professor Mark Onslow and colleagues at the University of Sydney, Australian Stuttering Research Centre, as a behavioral intervention for stuttering in preschool. Scientifically researched in Australia, Canada and the UK, studies of the program have shown that stuttering can be maintained at near zero following treatment. The Lidcombe Program is carried out in a partnership between the parent and a Lidcombe-trained speech-language pathologist. The clinician teaches the parent(s) to administer appropriate verbal contingencies for fluency and stuttering to their children in their everyday speaking environment.
Fluency shaping therapy is based on behavioral/operant conditioning principles. Fluency is first established in a controlled stimulus situation and then is reinforced and gradually modified to approximate normal conversational speech in the therapy room. Speech is then transferred to other situations either directly or with the help of stuttering modification techniques. Such techniques involve a more comprehensive or holistic approach in which the individual and characteristics of the dysfluency are considered when planning treatment along with possible contributing factors to dysfluency. These may include physiological, cognitive, and social/emotional processes which may underlie the symptoms. When these "processes" are modified/strengthened then fluency may happen.
Auditory Processing Management
Comprehensive treatments are used to help improve auditory processing skills. Auditory trainers are electronic devices that let a person focus attention on a speaker and reduce the interference of background noise. They are often used in classrooms, where the teacher wears a microphone to transmit sound and the child wears a headset to receive the sound. Children who wear hearing aids can use them in addition to the auditory trainer. Therapists may help manage processing by considering or suggesting environmental modifications (such as classroom acoustics, placement, and seating), exercises to improve language-building skills, or auditory memory enhancement (reducing detailed information to more basic representations). Auditory interventions and products include REI, Fast ForWord, and Earobics.
Low-Tech Augmentative Communication
We use Picture Communication Exchange (PECS), Sign-Language, Gestural Systems, Visual Schedules, Communication Boards and Topic Boards to assist with communication. In addition, SPEECH PATHways can integrate any assistive/augmentative communication device that the child may already have into the treatment program.
Compton P-ESL (Accent Reduction)
Compton P-ESL is an effective, respected, proven method to help non-native speakers with their pronunciation of American language. The method is named after the inventor, Dr. Arthur J. Compton, and "P-ESL" stands for Pronouncing English as a Second Language. Kimberly Bell is a certified provider of the Compton P-ESL program.
Nonviolent Crisis Intervention
Nonviolent Crisis Intervention training was developed during the 1970s as an innovative, holistic system for defusing escalating behavior and safely managing physically aggressive behavior. The combination of understanding effective communication and human physiology during aggressive moments, along with the core philosophy of maintaining care, welfare, safety and security provided a balance in behavior management that was quickly adapted and successfully applied in many human service fields.